The Difference Between Autism and Schizophrenia

The medical world has through its lifetime undergone through a series of self-understanding as it tries to uncover different truths about different situations in a human being.

A human being has proven to be as complex as ever with each passing minute due to the difference in character and biology.

Although doctors understand the anatomy of a human being, no one really understands or predicts the happenings or the medical or psychological path of these human beings.

One minute you might be living the best tie of your life and the next you might be wondering what the purpose of your life in this world is.

Any medical condition that affects a human mind is considered one of the most sad and depressing conditions to the patient himself and to the people around him or her.

This is due to the fact that you get to experience what the patient is experiencing, especially for a loved one, throughout the period her she suffers from it without the ability to provide help or a cure.

Autism or ASD and Schizophrenia are two different medical conditions that are linked to a human brain which have from years back been considered to be one and the same thing.

However, there has been some rising disputes and concern about the diagnosis of these medical conditions in a bid to offer better treatment.

Some doctors and researchers argue that both Autism and Schizophrenia are different onsets of the same medical condition and have different symptoms due to the different stages a patient undergoes through.

Other researchers have found some ground to challenge this long standing fact which will be very beneficial in how both conditions are handled.
Autism

Autism is conspired as a wide spectrum disorder hence the name Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).

This is a development disability which can occur in any human being caused by brain abnormality.

A typical definition of an individual suffering from autism is that he or she is suffering from social and communication skills development.

However, Autism Spectrum Disorder occurs differently in all patients and although there are similar characteristics in all patients, they all have different and unique characteristics at some stage in their life as well as their portrayal of strength and challenges.

This creates three categories based on the strengths and challenges under ASD. Asperger’s Syndrome, Pervasive Development Disorder and Childhood Disintegrative Disorder.

Statistically all these disorders occur in about 1 child in every 59 in America and tends to occur more in boys than girls.

Schizophrenia

This is medical disorder caused by a brain disorder affecting the thoughts, feelings and how this individual acts.

This disorder is chronic and statistics indicate that is currently affects about 1 percent of the global adult population.

There has been a general though in the world attributing violence to schizophrenia but this has over the past few years been disputed as symptoms vary from one individual to the other.

There are four major categories of this disorder which are:

Positive Symptoms

These include hallucinations which are the most common symptoms in most Schizophrenia patients.

Negative Symptoms

The negative term is bought out to show the elements which are subtracted from a person’s life when he or she is suffering from Schizophrenia. This includes the absence of facial expressions.

Cognitive Symptoms

This involves any symptom that is directly linked to the though process of an individual such as their concentration levels.

Emotional Symptoms

Emotions are a common thing to test on when diagnosing a client for Schizophrenia as it is the major thing affected by this disorder.

The diagnosis and Onset of Autism and Schizophrenia

Autism and Schizophrenia have long been considered as different stages of the same medical disorder due to their many similarities.

However, in distinguishing between these two, it has been stated that both have different ages in a human being where a doctor or any other individual can notice or diagnose the possibility of these two disorders.

Autism occurs very early in an individual and this can happen as early as 6 months after the birth of a child.

Clear indications or signs of this disorder occur or can be visible within the first three years of a child’s life.

Some will develop normally within the first few years of this bracket only to have a full blown effect at the last few months the three years while others will have a gradual occurrence of the symptoms.

On the other hand, Schizophrenia occurs later in a young individual’s life starting at around 16 to 30 years.

This aspect makes Schizophrenia very disabling in an individual’s life as they have already established a system in their life which they are unable to continue when diagnosed with this disability.

More males tend to develop the symptoms of Schizophrenia at an earlier age as compared to females.

This disorder has the ability to mask itself in a person’s life for many years but come on to undo his or her life at a later stage.

Social Dysfunctions

Autistic and Schizophrenic patients all suffer from social impairment as they lose the ability to show emotions as well as judgement of other people’s feelings and emotions.

This is due to the fact that researchers have discovered that some brain cells in these patients that process social information become less active with every passing day of the disorders.

However, Schizophrenic patients have been attributed to ill will in the society as they tend to be more reactive to peoples actions in the efforts of helping them.

This is also linked to the high hallucination rate suffered by any person suffering from Schizophrenia.

Autistic patients on the other hand have portrayed a more mild reaction and suffer from very few hallucinations as compared to Schizophrenia.

They are also more socially cynical based on their past experiences with people trying to handle or understand their behaviour.

Although these two disorders are increasingly becoming more prevalent in the global population, it is evident that separating them from their early stages and diagnosing one against the other has made it easier to treat and handle Autism and Schizophrenia which is the ultimate goal by the researchers and doctors in the medical world.